Characters Í The Order of Days Ê PDF DOC TXT eBook or Kindle ePUB free

Summary ê PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ↠ David Stuart

The world's foremost expert on Maya culture looks at hysteria and explains the truth about what the Maya meant and what we want to believe Apocalypse An Investigation into Civilizations End The World Cataclysm inThe return of uetzalcoatl According to many of these alarmingly titled books the ancient Maya not only had a keen insight into the mystical workings of our planet and the cosmos but they were also able to predict that the world will end in the year David Stuart the foremost scholar of the The Order PDF or Maya and recipient of numerous awards for his work takes a hard look at the frenzy over and offers. Remember what life was like in 1999 Millennium fever was sweeping the world and scientists regular folk and the new age erati were focused on January 1 2000 Y2K was coming and it was bringing with it a digital Armageddon And when it finally arrived we celebrated and ducked and nothing happenedexcept January 2 2000Something very similar is happening again with the approach of the much anticipated date of December 21 2012 otherwise known as 130000 on the Maya calendar Will it bring mass destruction through floods fire and asteroids as Hollywood might have us believe Or will it be the dawning of a new religious age that's something spiritual peaceful and fulfilling than the multitude of religions that already exist around the worldDavid Stuart is one of the world’s preeminent Maya epigraphers and historians In his recently released “The Order of Days” Stuart expresses his frustration with the pop culture hullaballoo over the Maya’s supposedly prophetic importance of December 21 2012 The date is very real and very important to the Maya but Stuart emphatically points out that no Maya text ancient colonial or modern ever predicted the end of time or the end of the worldWith an eye on 122112 Stuart takes an anthropological archaeological and historical look into the far and near past of Mesoamerican cultures and as Stuart himself writes examines history ancient texts modern Maya religion and the early development of research to show how the Maya conceived of a remarkable structure to time and space that's significant on its own as a compelling human achievementDecember 21 2012 was extremely important to the Maya Just like January 1 2000 was important to the modern world Those 3 zeros that follow the 2 make it an inherently key though arbitrary calendar based milestone Key milestones in the never ceasing revolutions of time were much important to the Mayas than they are to modern Americans We use those cycles of time to celebrate For the Maya time and dates and their passages were THE driving force in the day to day practical and spiritual lives of the MayaThe sole reference to the infamous 122112 date comes from a small ruin at Tortuguero not far from the better known site of Palenue in Mexico Stuart writes On a large slabit reads in glyphs that thirteen bak'tuns will end on a date that corresponds to 122112” This is the only reference to that specific date and from that alone has come a multitude of speculation over what this actually meansTime was so importantcontrolling it or at least the perception of controlling it became a key role within the ancient Maya communities Shaman priests who oversaw religious ceremonies were probably well versed in the messages and meanings of time as it was anciently structured what Mesoamerican cultures called the Order of Days using it as a framework to divine the reasons why the gods and what they represented rain for example did what they didStuart writes Time was not just a means of measuring the course of history but was also ashaping force in human experiencetime was an actor invested with personality and character who shaped the very nature of history itselfThe author compares the Aztecs and Mayas who had similar roots in their cultures and comparably deep devotion to calendrical cycles One Spanish Friar who spent nearly his entire life living near Mexico City in the decades following the Conuest wrote The characters glyphs representing the days also taught the Indian nations the days on which they were to sow reap till the land cultivate corn weed harvest store shell the ears of corn sow beans and flasxseedReligion was also deeply connected to the calendar and times of year The complex calendrical interpretations became a merger of almanac and bible In the minds of Maya kings time's character evidently held power and influence than they themselves did The role of the ruler was to harness and manage time” wrote StuartStuart analyzes many of the glyphs the Maya used in tracking time while diving deeply into the mechanics of Maya time keeping The book includes detailed images and drawings many of which are Stuart's own work The transcription of their designs is eual parts art and science as Stuart often views the glyphs through the eyes of an art historian in determining their root meanings and genesis For example the glyph that represents the idea of 'year' or ha'b is supposed to be in the shape of a certain type of drum Stuart theorizes that the symbol ties in with the use of drums during seasonal festivals and celebrations and so became a metaphor for the marking of timeIn order to understand the Maya basis for having inscribed dates throughout Mesoamerica Stuart builds a foundation for understanding their calendar Or rathercalendars The Maya loved their day keeping so much that they had different calendars for different thingsThe 260 day divinatory tzolk'in “was the calendar most important in prognostication and divination acts that themselves give a sense of order and meaning” One possible reason for the 260 day focus is that it corresponds with the span of human gestation the life and physical cycle of the world in which we liveA 365 day calendar called ha'b provided a framework for communal agricultural festivals and ceremonies and complemented the esoteric nature of the 260 day tzolk'in The ha'b is just one part of the Maya Long Count system that generated that 130000 date that has so many people buzzingThe Long Count calendar keeps a running tally of time from a certain zero starting point Based on the data that Mayanists have gathered over the years the Long Count started on August 11 3114 BC Because the Maya recorded dates of historical significance on many of the artifacts that remain today scholars are able to track time to that starting point as well as look ahead to significant future dates like the one carved into the Tortuguero slabThe Long Count calendar consists of 5 component parts The smallest segment is a day or k'in; 20 days make a winal; 18 winals make a tun winals only go to 18 because the Maya were savvy enough to account a 365 day solar timeframe; 20 tuns make a ka'tun and 20 ka'tuns make a bak'tun As each time period reaches its' peak it starts back at 1 Sort of like when we get to December 31 our calendar starts back over on January 1Stuart writes Few archaeologists hold much stock in the idea that the multiple rises and falls of the ancient Maya might be closely tied to these inner workings on thecalendar and concepts of prophecy Did the Maya anticipate changes to their physical world based on their calendar and its interplay with their religious beliefs Absolutely Agricultural cycles were mapped by the calendar and had inextricable ties to religion Were they able to track and follow the movement of heavenly bodies in space Absolutely We know this because they wrote about it in the extant Maya documents that survived the Conuest Did they have some uniuely spiritual insight that foretold some combination of the end of the world andor spiritual renewal No No than any other deeply spiritual society that looks to the skies and their physical world to find meanings in the ways they liveThat date is significant and it's no surprise to have been actualized and commemorated by the ancient Maya On December 21 2012 the bak'tun number turns from 12 to 13 130000 and 13 was an important number to the Maya Significant milestones within their calendrical system were celebrated throughout their history just like we might celebrate July 4th every year and throw a bigger celebration at the 200th or 250th anniversary of America's independenceStuart describes Maya time as something that folds over itselfalmost like a translucent piece of paper when folded you can see through to what's written behind but clearly see what's written on top The shadow of the past interplays and contrasts with the present And so it goes on into the future

Free download The Order of Days

The Order of DaysA long chain of related ideas about Mesoamericans the Maya in particular that depicts them as somehow oddball not of this world or as having some strong mystical link to other realmsBecause the year has no prominent role in anything the ancient Maya ever actually wrote Stuart takes a wider look at the Maya concepts of time and their underlying philosophy as we can best understand them The ancient Maya Stuart contends were worthy of study and admiration not because they were strange but because they were altogether human and they developed a compelling vision of time unlike any other civilization before or since. Excellent source for understanding how the Maya thought about and interacted with time Rich background on Maya culture and their obsession with calendars and astronomy Clarifies that the idea of 2012 as an apocalyptic event never came from Mayan tradition but was superimposed by Western doomsdayers on the ending of a long count calendar cycle

David Stuart ↠ 2 Review

Characters Í The Order of Days Ê PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ñ ➹ [Read] ➵ The Order of Days By David Stuart ➼ – Gym-apparel.co.uk The world's foremost expert on Maya culture looks at 2012 hysteria and explains the truth about what the Maya meant and what we wA fascination and accurate trip through Mayan culture and belief Stuart shows how the idea that the end of the Mayan calendar which supposedly heralds the end of our own existence says far about our culture than about the ancient Maya The Order of Days explores how the real intellectual achievement of ancient Maya timekeeping and worldview is far impressive and remarkable than any of the popular and often outrageous claims about this advanced civilizationAs someone who has studied the Maya for nearly all of his life and who specializes in reading their ancient texts Stuart sees the hubbub as the most recent in. From epigraphy to mind numbing calendrics from historical documents to stelae ruins and murals from cosmological notions of kingship to astronomy and astrology this book is a phenomenal build up to answer the uestion what did the Maya think was going to happen in 2012 When the answer comes in the last third of the book Stuart only takes time to individually refute apocalyptic or otherwise nonsensical claims by some New Age writers in the last chapter for example it becomes clear that the book's intention is not merely to answer that original uestion after all but to instruct the reader on the basics of Maya and Mesoamerican culture and thought and introduce him to the great strides made in this field in recent decades and with that help him let go of some erroneous preconceptions about the Maya that've been perpetuated since colonial times More broadly put this book goes to show that true scientific understanding is rewarding because it dissipates the veil of exoticism and allows us to consider a people for what they really are It wasn't a breezy read since to be honest it was all new to me but persevering proved very rewarding And if you're like me you're going to appreciate that not a description of vases or murals or glyphs goes without an accompanying illustration and that likewise complicated concepts are often explained with tables