L'ancien régime et la Révolution Free download Ê eBook ePUB or Kindle PDF

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L'ancien régime et la Révolution Free download Ê eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF é [Epub] ❤ L'ancien régime et la Révolution By Alexis de Tocqueville – Gym-apparel.co.uk This new translation of an undisputed classic aims to be both accurate and readable Tocueville's subtlety of style and profunKindle argument Readers will appreciate The Ancien Régime and the French Revolution for its sense of irony as well as tragedy for its deep insights into political psychology and for its impassioned defense of liberty. If this was a youtube video its title would be Liberal aristocrat DESTROYS Reactionary chill and socialist cucksTocueville a man of aristocratic origins and a son of the french revolution holds no love for the revolutionary fervour that allowed him to get in the comfortable position of a public letterman He also traces the roots of the future massacre and absolutism of the revolution from the centralizing movements of the ancién regime from 18th century until the year of the revolutionHe is not a historian however how he says is important than what he says Tocueville shows how the vices of the new State sprang to life during the reign of the last french kings This is how he contradicts the arguments of Burke's pamphlet on the french revolution Tocueville is not a historian so he might be unprecise in his affirmations but is not so much how he talks about something but what he talks about He describes a regime that slowly eroded the regional powers and obligations of the french public sphere and centralized it towards Paris He describes a society micromanaged by bureaucrats appointed by the French king and where public jobs become extremely advantageous than pursuing a private entrepreneurship The book also mentions how through the centralization of local powers from feudal lords and local aristocracies customary law was corroded by a confuse and imprecise legalism from Paris and how the poorer strata of society lost its possibility of recurring to the local lords and became dependent of a detached and uninterested caste of civil servants that had no skin in the game and no mutual dependency towards the the peasantry and city poorWe are so used to think of the middle ages as a time of darkness but time and time again history shows that the way society found itself organized in those time followed a rational logic and not a superstitious or tyrannical one When the State became an empowered being it decided to rationalize life This aesthetic desire of a rational euanimous and centralized society was the greatest sin of the old regime and the great obsession of the State in modern times

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H a Tocueville scholar and an award winning translator Arthur Goldhammer is uniuely ualified for the task In his Introduction Jon Elster draws on his recent work to lay out the structure of Tocueville' L'ancien régime. Tocueville is most known for his Democracy in America and I find it unfortunate that this work languishes in its shadow as it truly is a wonderful work of political science Tocueville had managed to create a fresh examination of the Revolution while it was still in living memory Indeed coming for a noble background whose family was victimized by the Terror and a friend of Legitimists or Ultraroyalists Tocueville manages to be a neutral perspective on a controversial event that was stirring passion in the politics of the timeTocueville's account is a classic in that his analysis derives from direct sources of the Ancien Regime and the era rather than as a polemical critiue such as Edmund Burke's The conclusions he arrives to contradict the popular image of the revolution be it demonized or romanticized Some of these conclusions we may not appreciate as a impartial audience such as King Louis XVI being a kind hearted man with good intentions but lacking in skill However others challenge assertions commonly held today that the revolution was continuing the monarchy's goals and efforts at centralization Unfortunately the book ends at the beginning of the revolution proper which was to be an issue dealt with in a book that was never written due to Tocueville's death A shame for us but we can enjoy this wonderful work nevertheless

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L'ancien régime et la RévolutionThis new translation of an et la ePUB #9734 undisputed classic aims to be both accurate and readable Tocueville's subtlety of style and profundity of thought offer a challenge to readers as well as to translators As bot. L’Ancien Régime et la RévolutionAlexis de Tocueville 1805 1859The “Old Regime” published in 1856 is a study of the Governance of France from the dark Middle ages up to Louis XVIAnd further to understand and explain why and how the terrible and violent Revolution of 1789 came to happenAlexis de Tocueville is best known for his “Democracy in America”1835 a book that I appreciated and that should be read by every European and American who wants to understand the differences in understanding democracy in Europe at the time and AmericaIn his study of the Old Regime in order to produce a credible backup Tocueville undertook a comprehensive reading over several years of ancient documents available throughout France concerning the functioning of administration at all levels from basic villages to small towns and provincial cities and finally of ParisFrom St Louis 1226 1270 to Louis XVI oppression serfdom and heavy taxation of the peasants were the usual practice ever since centuriesAristocrats however historically providing armed protection for the king and governing and administrating their provinces were taking care of their farming and village communities They were exempt from any taxationThings changed when governance was concentrated as from Louis XIV and onwards to Paris and administration justice and taxation organised by the king's councilSocial classes were strictly separated into aristocrats bourgeois and illiterate peasants There was no communication between these classes rather enmityThis situation of course facilitated despotic and tyrannic rulingBy the time of Louis XVI the aristocratic cast had lost all their political and administrative power and had no longer any contact with their rural communities They had left their castles selling their land little by little and moved to Paris and became courtesansThey had kept their immunity from taxation and held on to and even increased all their privileges This situation was the first and most incomprehensible for the lower population This is where hatred between social classes had started and kept burning for generationsPhilosophers and writers of a new kind appeared and published political brochures proposing new governing systems to replace the old constitution thus preparing the readers for possible emerging changes in the countryTocueville never mentioned the name of Chateaubriand like he rarely mentioned any other name but it seems likely that he pointed at him when he mentioned this as one of the causes of the coming revolutionThe Church is another stepping stone that seemed to have led to unrestExempt from taxes implicated in all local politics and administrations rich land and farm owners providers of local judicial decisionsIt was not against the Christian Religion the revolution attacked and destroyed churches andMonasteries but because the church occupied the strongest most privileged position in the old regimeTocueville wants to show in this work that the revolution was necessary even taking into account the excessive violence according to his conclusion it was the only way to shake off the tyranny of the despotic ruling of the monarchyTocueville wrote this work at the time of a new despot ruling France Napoleon BonaparteHe never mentioned his name He was serving as a minister in Bonaparte’s governmentThe book ends with the sad conclusion that the revolution had only led to the government of another despot and that the French population was not worthy of libertyI had chosen to read this work after having read “Memoires d’Outre Tombe” by Chateaubriand in order to get a complete picture of this important period of French HistoryI would only recommend it to readers very interested in the period of the French Revolution not for its literary uality