The Voyage of the Beagle summary ñ 108

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The Voyage of the Beagle summary ñ 108 ✓ [Read] ➻ The Voyage of the Beagle ➸ Charles Darwin – Charles Robert Darwin was een Engels autodidact op het gebied van natuurlijke historie biologie en geologie Darwin ontleent zijn roem aan zijn theorie dat evolutie van soorten wordt gedreven door natu Charles RCharles Robert Darwin was een of the PDFEPUB #194 Engels autodidact op het gebied van natuurlijke historie biologie en geologie Darwin ontleent zijn roem aan zijn theorie dat evolutie van soorten wordt gedreven door natuurlijke selectie Het bestaan van evolutie werd nog tijdens zijn The Voyage MOBI #204 leven binnen een groot deel van de wetenschappelijke gemeenschap geaccepteerd De acceptatie van natuurlijke selectie als aandrijvend mechanisme liet langer op zich wachten en is tegenwoordig onomstreden Darwin werd gelovig opgevoed en opgeleid volgens de filosofie van de in die tij. The Beagle was sent on a surveying mission by the Royal Navy; initially it was intended to last three years but it was extended to five and the ship circumnavigated the globe The captain Fitzroy wanted a companion on the voyage and through a convoluted series of events ended up with a youthful Darwin along which so annoyed the official ship's Naturalist who was also the surgeon as was common that he resigned and left at the first port of call part way across the Atlantic Fortunately another surgeon was appointed at the same port Very little of what Darwin wrote actually talks about the oceansthis is because he was no great sailor and spent most of his time aboard acutely seasick Which in turn is why Darwin contrived to spend three out of five years on landAll this and is discussed in an excellent introduction to this edition which has printed the 1st edition abridging Darwin's journal by approx 13 however I'm not sure how to feel about that; have I been saved from really dull stuff that would have made what is a pretty lively book a chore to read Or have I missed out on some interesting material Weirdly having made this 13 chop the original Naval orders for the mission are included along with Fitzroy's essay attempting to reconcile the Bible specifically the Deluge ie the Noah story with contemporary geology Even weirdly both of these appendices are worthwhile The mission orders are very practical and sensible and as specific as practicable and not as I imagined they would be vague and bureaucraticFitzroy's essay reminded me of the kind of thing that went on in Oxford and Cambridge in the Middle Ages where people devoted themselves primarily to attempting to reconcile reality with the Classical philosophers and the Bible deploying a lot of casuistry and not much else for the most part Roger Bacon being a notable exception and look what happened to him yep locked up by he Church for practising black magic The fact is that even at the time of Beagle's voyage it was clear that the Earth had to be orders of magnitude older than the historical record with Genesis taken at face value suggested and literal belief in the Bible particularly the Old Testament was crumbling amongst the educated scientists Christianity itself was still axiomatic for most however and Darwin no exception at the time as cannot be mistaken from this bookGetting back to Darwin and his book the Voyage is a rarely dull often vivacious account not only of the flora and fauna Darwin encounters but also of the geology people and societies he encounters too the latter providing most of the funny and dramatic moments of which there are many I cannot recommend it to people uninterested in geology and biology however Readers who cannot cope with such entries as a detailed theory of the formation of coral reefs still considered correct as far as it goes I believe will get bogged down uite often That said anyone who has successfully waded through The Origin of Species will find this an easy ride by comparisonDarwin displays an interesting blend of progressive attitudes eg anti slavery and typical of his day Victorian Christian notions eg Christian Western Europe is the pinnacle of human societies whilst observing on the many different nations and cultures he encounters alongside the wildlife and geology Apparently the people of Tierra Del Feugo are the least improved on the planetWhat you won't find here is a theory of evolution the uestion of the origin of species arising only a few times and then very obliuely and in passingIn conclusion nowhere near as important as Origin of Species but much fun to read

Charles Darwin é 8 read

D Voyage of the Kindle #216 in Engeland gangbare natuurlijke theologie die religie en weten schap verenigde Dankzij de waarnemingen en ontdekkingen die hij in de loop van zijn leven deed ging hij echter steeds meer twijfelen over zowel de gangbare ideeën over soortvorming als zijn persoonlijke geloof Tijdens een onderzoeks reis met het schip de Beaglebezocht Darwin Zuid Amerika Australië het zuiden van Afrika en diverse eilandengroepen in de Grote en Indische Oceaan Op al deze plekken bestudeerde hij de plaatselijke dieren planten fossielen en geologie Een groot deel van zijn ve. This book is Charles Darwin's journal of his 5 year voyage on the HMS BeagleThis journey marked the second of Captain Fitzroy and the Beagle but the first for 22 year old Charles Darwin who had decided to become a naturalist like Alexander von HumboldtDarwin had stopped studying medicine and refused to become a priest so the persuasion of an uncle was necessary for Charles' father to allow and fund the journey in the first place But he didThey went from England to Tenerife Cape Verde Bahia Rio de Janeiro Montevideo the Falkland Islands Valparaiso Lima the Galápagos Islands before leaving South America to sail on to New Zealand Sidney Hobart Tasmania and King George's Sound in Australia Cocos Island Mauritius Cape Town then back to Bahia Cape Verde and the Azores before returning to EnglandThus they were on uite a tight schedule which explains why Darwin's time on the Galápagos was cut short an important detail because he made his most profound discoveries there that later resulted in his most famous work and if he had had time maybe he would have remembered to label those finches andor keep at least one tortoise for his studies but of that in my review for The Origin of SpeciesWhile the Beagle was a relatively small ship Darwin nevertheless filled her to the brim with specimen some sailors getting enthused and helping him much to the dismay of a few othersHe always kept a meticulous journal that served as a diary as much as a study book where he jutted down all his observations Thus we can not only see while reading this book now what he discovered but also what his thought process was like We read of him being severely seasick at first his fascination with nature we find out that he was anti slavery sadly not for the same pure reasons Humboldt had what he thought of certain people he was with or encountered along the way We also see the influence of his paternal grandfather Erasmus Darwin who had laid a few of the foundations of Darwin's theories just like Humboldt had A note on Darwin's view of indiginous people Certainly some thoughts he wrote down are cringeworthy from today's perspective and were especially disappointing after initially learning that he was anti slavery However for a man of his day and age not counting the unapologetic anomaly that was Humboldt he was very progressiveWhat I loved above all else was that we get to revel in Darwin's beautiful writing style that brings to life the sea jungles and various animals and plants He had a way of transporting the reader to the places he had been to and I felt as if I was making the journey with him while reading thisThis vivid writing style that made this journal appear almost like a novel really surprised and delighted me as I had not expected it In fact I got so swept up in the narrative that I found myself sitting at the edge of my seat whenever Darwin's musings showed him getting close to the scientific truth but not uite despite me knowing that it would take him a little longer yetA fantastic feat and I love that my edition shows sketches by Darwin himself as well as paintings of landscapes he's been to or animals now extinct that he encountered However for all those wanting the highlights of the journey I can also recommend the audio version narrated by Dawkins which I listened to simultaneously I know ME endorsing an abridged version the scandal ;

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The Voyage of the BeagleRdere leven was gewijd aan het onderzoeken en classificeren van de op zijn reis verzamelde voorwerpen en het was onder andere dankzij dit onderzoek dat hij op zijn theorie over het ontstaan van soorten kwam Darwins werk zorgde voor een revolutie binnen de wetenschap maar had ook invloed op maatschappij filosofie en religie De acceptatie van evolutie zette de mens neer als een diersoort onderdeel van de natuur in plaats van een boven de natuur staande levensvorm Samen met de erfelijkheidsleer van Mendel vormt Darwins evolutietheorie tegenwoordig de basis van alle biologische kennis. Commanders in the Royal Navy could not socialize with their crew They ate their meals alone then they met with the officers on board ship This took it's mental toll on the ship's Captain's and so they were allowed a civil companion someone from outside the Navy who would be under their command but was not part of the crew Captain Fitz Roy age 26 a Nobleman and a passionate Naturalist chose Charles Darwin a wealthy upper class Naturalist enthusiast to be his companion aboard the HMS Beagle for the five year voyage to map Patagonia and Tierra del Feugo and circumnavigate the globeWhat I found most interesting about this book was how easy it is to read and enjoy It is the edited journal of Charles Darwin during his voyage on HMS Beagle yes but it reads like a travel channel show with Darwin as your host This is not the old Origin of Species Darwin with his long white beard and noble wisely appearance This is just out of college Darwin looking for adventure He's 24 years old he knows nothing he wants to see everything he is good natured idealistic and full of uestions It's like he's on a cruise ship which happens to be a ship of war and he only has a few days at each port to party and see all the sights Naturalist gone Wild What makes the journals enjoyable is that this is not a young man who thinks he has all the answers He is aware of his inexperience and unfamiliarity with every surrounding he finds himself in and relies on interviews with others locals magistrates natives scientists to fill in the blanks He is smart He accumulates facts He writes them down He expresses brief opinions He gathers facts He has adventures And here and there a light clicks on We see something start to dawn on him He doesn't put it together that will come years later but all the information he needs to formulate his later theories is here he just doesn't see it But we do And that's the fun of reading these journals watching this young man grow up on this five year voyage What makes this an extraordinary read is that we know how it ends This book is a little like watching The Sixth Sense a second time after you know the twist to watch all the clues missed the first time knowing that years later Darwin will see the twist